An echo uses sound waves to form a picture of the heart valve and heart muscle. The echo machine sends sound waves to a transducer (a plastic sound sensitive instrument) that is touching your chest. The sound waves are reflected by the heart walls (muscles) and heart valves, back to the transducer, and the sound waves are changed into a picture. An echo will be able to give your doctor information about the size of the heart chambers, wall motion, valve movements, and changes in the structure around or in the heart.
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